Upper Primary

“To give a child liberty is not to abandon him to himself.” Dr Maria Montessori
About Upper Primary

Our Upper Primary Years cater for students from ages 9 to 12 and encompasses the equivalent of Years 4 to 6. The Upper Primary learning environment is complete with three spacious and purposely designed classrooms, two with an interconnected and safely enclosed courtyard, as well as one with their own balcony and bird aviary.

The curriculum builds on students cosmic learning from their time in Lower Primary learning and continues the study of mathematics, science and technology, the world of myth, great literature, history, world geography, civics, economics, anthropology, and the basic organisation of human societies. All learning is mapped against the Australian National Curriculum so that parents/carers can feel assured that students attending Brisbane Montessori School are covering approved content and are learning alongside their peers nationwide.


The Upper Primary studies also cover the basics found in the traditional curriculum, such as the memorisation of maths facts, spelling lessons and the study of vocabulary, grammar, sentence analysis, creative and expository writing and library research skills.

Students are encouraged to explore topics that capture their imagination, do independent reading and research, gather information, assemble reports, portfolios and handmade books, and share what they have learned with their peers. Plenty of exciting extra-curricular activities and after school clubs are also available for students in Upper Primary. 

The curriculum offered is called Cosmic Education and is experienced as a coherent whole. The Cosmic Education curriculum is very broad and covers the following interrelated discipline areas:

  • Language
  • Mathematics with Geometry and Measurement as distinct study areas
  • History and Geography
  • Science, with Biology as a distinct study area
  • Creative Arts
  • Physical Education
  • Language other than English (French)

This integrated approach is one of the Upper Primary Montessori program’s great strengths. Montessori education is also about learning how to live. We want students to love learning, not the external and artificial rewards that are often used to motivate students. 

While most of the subjects are extended from their Lower Primary learning curriculum, there are a few that extend further playing a major role in their development for their Middle School studies. You can see the extended elements of the subjects below. 

English and Language Studies

Upper Primary English and Language studies focus heavily on sentence structures, exploring a range of written materials, including studying novels and short stories. In class verbal assessments and presentations are large part of the Upper Primary curriculum, with students also producing content for a topical in class magazine.


Continuing their geometry and measurement mathematic foundations from Lower Primary, students in Upper Primary are introduced to further and more complex and contemporary mathematical concepts. Mathematics in Upper Primary is designed around preparing our students for their Middle School education and plays a crucial role in the understanding of other subjects within the curriculum, including the sciences and geography to name a few.

Digital Technology and Design

Our Upper Primary students begin their foray into learning three-dimensional (3D) animation software and basic programming for web development. Building on their foundational knowledge developed in Lower Primary, students are also introduced to Arduino and robotics and design for 3D printing, using the school’s own 3D printing machines. Music composition and recording software are also utilised within the Upper Primary Technology curriculum.


Music studies in Upper Primary continues students’ Lower Primary lessons and slowly increases the freedom and responsibility for each student. Students are encouraged to compose and record music, learn music on multiple instruments as well as build as design instruments, all developing a better understanding of the fundamentals of music.